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Subjects JS Humanities & PSHE

The study of History and Geography at The Junior School is designed to cover the English National Curriculum requirements for each subject. The subjects are taught by the class teacher and are often integrated under a topic, allowing the development of cross-curricular skills such as research skills and the use of Information Communication Technology. Educational trips and fun ‘topic’ days are also organised throughout the year to promote an interest in the past and in the wider global community.

This subject area is led by Maria Readman (Year 6 Teacher).


During Key Stage 1, children learn about the lives of familiar people and about famous people and events in the past, both in Cyprus and the wider world. Children look for similarities and differences between life in the past and life now. They are encouraged to use words associated with the passing of time. They learn about the past using different sources of information such as artifacts, non-fiction books, DVDs, photographs, stories and Information Communication Technology.

In Key Stage 2, pupils investigate the past through people and important events and developments in Cyprus, Britain and throughout the world. They carry out historical enquiries using a variety of sources of information and look at how and why the past is interpreted in different ways. They develop language skills through talking about their work and presenting their own ideas through different kinds of writing, drama, class presentations, group work and projects. They develop their research skills by extracting information from different sources such as reference books, DVDs, and the Internet. Children learn about the experiences of people in the past and gain an understanding of why they acted as they did. They learn how people in the past have changed the society in which they live. They develop empathy, respect and tolerance for other people and cultures.


During Key Stage 1, children investigate their own environment and the people who live there, as well as developing their awareness of the wider world. They investigate and learn about the physical and human features of their own environment and appreciate how their locality is similar to, and different from other places. The focus is on developing their geographical enquiry skills by asking questions like: What/Where is it? What is it like? How did it get like this? They carry out geographical enquiry both inside and outside the classroom and use geographical terms and use resources such as maps, plans, photographs, atlases and globes.

In Key Stage 2, pupils develop their knowledge, skills and understanding, relating people and places in Cyprus and the wider world. Children study how and why physical and human features are arranged as they are. They carry out geographical enquiry both inside and outside the classroom. Pupils are encouraged to ask, as well as answer geographical questions. They are offered the opportunity to use a variety of data, such as maps, statistics, graphs, pictures, and aerial photographs, and use ICT in geography lessons where this serves to enhance their learning. Children take part in role-play and discussions, and they present reports to the rest of the class. They engage in a wide variety of problem-solving activities. Wherever possible, children are involved in ‘real’ geographical activities, e.g. research of a local environment or use of the Internet to investigate a current issue. We hope that our pupils will increase their knowledge and understanding of the changing world and will want to look after the Earth and its resources. Through Geography, pupils encounter different societies and cultures. They are encouraged to think about their own place in the world, their values and their rights and responsibilities to other people and their environment.

Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE)

PSHE is integrated into the curriculum and taught through various subjects and topics. Pupils learn about themselves as growing and changing individuals with their own experiences and ideas, and as members of their communities. They develop their sense of social justice and moral responsibility and begin to understand that their own choices and actions can affect local, national or global issues. They are encouraged to take part in school and community activities. They learn how to make more confident and informed choices about their health and to take more responsibility, individually and as a group, for their own learning.

‘Circle Time’ occurs within class, each week or when the need arises. This involves the children sitting in a circle, exchanging ideas and feelings on a range of issues that are important to them, such as friendships, making healthy choices and bullying. Everyone is given the opportunity to express their opinions and be listened to. Ideas are shared and solutions to problems are sought. The emphasis is on raising students’ self esteem and confidence.

It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it